17 March 2018

Railways introduces innovative analytical approach to locomotive scheduling to enhance productivity

Indian Railways has introduced an innovative analytical approach to optimize the deployment of electric and diesel locomotivesrun passenger trains.  This involves use of a software based mathematical decision support system to increase the productivity of locomotives.

Indian Railways has a fleet of about 3300 electric and diesel locomotive running passenger trains across the country.  Locomotives are deployed to run passenger trains through cyclic schedules called locomotive links.  Hitherto, locomotive links were being manually prepared by the respective sixteen zones to operate the trains allocated to the zones.

 Ministry of Railways, with the help of experts, has evolved and implemented the software based decision support system to optimize the deployment of locomotives to run passenger trains at an all India level.  The decision support system utilizes a mathematical model to work out the minimum number of locomotives required to run all the passenger trains as per time table while meeting the maintenance and operations requirements.

 A pilot optimization exercise has been conducted by Transformation Cell of Railway Board, with active participation of all the sixteen zonal railways.  This has resulted in reorganizing of locomotive links, which will save 30 diesel and 42 electric locomotives (costing about Rs.720 crores) being currently run in passenger services.  The revised links are under implementation.  These 72 locomotives released from passenger operations will be utilized to run additional freight trains and earn additional revenues.

Since timetabling of passenger trains is a dynamic process in view of periodic changes in train schedules, introduction of new trains and also the change in traction due to ongoing electrification, Ministry of Railways in Budget 2018-19 have sanctioned a project to be implemented by CRIS to institutionalize this process of locomotive link optimization using decision support system software across Indian Railways.
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Railways Devises action plan for improvement in passenger experience at Hazrat Nizamuddin station

Action plan envisages redesigning & earmarking the lanes for car/bus/ taxi/tsr /pedestrians, deploying uniformed marshals for regulation of traffic, parking for “DIVYANGS”

Ministry of Railways is constantly striving to improve passenger amenities and facilities for making the journey of passengers comfortable and pleasant. 

Towards this objective, a committee of senior officers was nominated for identifying the amenities and facilities that could be further provided at Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station to make the overall experience of the passengers who visit that station even more pleasant and enjoyable. The committee was also tasked with preparing the Comprehensive Action Plan for removal of any deficiencies & for improvement of passenger amenities and experience at Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway station.

The nominated officers’ committee examined the entire station premises and prepared action plan has been made for execution in three phases namely –

Immediate measures (to be implemented within 6 months),
Short term measures (to be implemented in 6 to 12 months) and
Long term measures (to be implemented in 12 to 18 months),
The plan covers improvements on all platforms, station buildings circulating areas, parking areas, traffic movement, parcel movement/stacking area, signages at platforms, security arrangements and station cleanliness. 

Immediate measures (to be implemented by June’18)

Widening & smoothening of entry to approach road at 1st entry side and beautification along road.
Parking for “Divyangs” to be earmarked near Main Porch.
Complete renovation of toilet block and bathing area.
 Retro-reflective/LED Signage Boards to be designed aesthetically and to be located/placed at conspicuous & strategic locations in circulating area, concourse, Platforms and Foot over Bridges (FOB).
At the circulating and parking area on main entry side, there is traffic congestion due to unauthorized parking by Taxi/Auto & unregulated stoppages for drop off & pick up and poor drainage. Redesigning & earmarking the Lanes for Car/Bus/ Taxi/TSR /pedestrians. Identifying locations for drop off/pick up and parking. Deploying uniformed marshals for regulation of traffic. New drainage pipes (RCC) & manholes/gutters.
Sufficient no. of Stainless Steel benches to be provided at all platforms and concourses.
 Disused/ abandoned old structures (cages etc.) at various platforms  be identified & removed from platform
Unused porta-cabin structure on Platform-1 to be redeveloped as cloak room.
Renovation of 2 Retiring Rooms on Ground Floor.
RO Water plant at 2nd entry.
Lift for Passengers at Platform No. 1.
At platform no. 2/3 &4/5 new water booths and Platform resurfacing.
Flooring of FOB (Okhla End) to be provided with Granite.
Worn out AC Sheet of roof / broken false ceiling to be replaced with meta-colour sheet &False ceiling to be replaced with ACP, windows to be replaced in Booking Hall and Windows on 2nd Entry (1st Floor).
Toilet blocks on Platform no. 4/5 & 6/7 to be provided on “Pay & Use” basis.
AC roof Sheets of both FOBs to be replaced with meta-colour sheet.
Stainless Steel railings for dividers to be provided on FOBs. 
Damaged drain along platform no. 6/7 to be constructed.
Escalator on platform no. 6/7.
Damaged platform copings to be replaced and damaged platform surfaces to be resurfaced with VDC flooring/Kota stone flooring.
Short term measures (to be implemented in 6-12 months)

New toilet blocks to be provided on Platform no. 2/3,
Damaged Valley gutter of shelters on Platforms to be replaced.
Footpath to be provided on Approach road.
Deluxe “Pay & Use” Toilet to be provided in circulating areas.
Switching over to completely mechanized cleaning system at station.
Long Term Measures (to be implemented in 12 to 18 Months).

 Escalator to be provided on 2nd entry Side FOB.
Damaged washable aprons of Platform nos. 1, 5 & 7 to be repaired.
Washable apron to be provided on Platform no. 3 & 4.
Redevelopment and remodelling of 2nd entry.
VIP lounge on Platform no. 1 (Okhla end) by IRCTC for development.
Staff Quarters on Okhla side to be relocated & area vacated to be utilised for parking & other facilities
Complete renovation of TTE Rest house.

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Indian Railways to Implement Electronic Reverse Auction for All High Value Procurements of Goods, Services and Works

Indian Railways to Implement Electronic Reverse Auction for All High Value Procurements of Goods, Services and Works

Policy Decision to Improve Transparency and Competitive Bidding and Provide a Level Playing Field to the Industry

Even 10% Cost Savings with Improved Competition May Result in Overall Annual Saving Upto Rs. 10,000 Crores

Indian Railways as a major reforms initiative has decided to implement Electronic Reverse Auction for all High Value procurements. A policy decision to this effect has been taken to include supply of Goods, Services and also for Projects and Works. The Reverse Auction will be applied to all Zonal Railways, Production Units and by all Railway PSUs.

Implementation of Electronic Reverse Auction will improve Transparency and Competitive Bidding and provide a level playing field to the Industry engaged in supply of Goods, Services and Works. New Software is being developed by CRIS, Railways own IT Wing and is expected to be ready to be adopted soon.  Initially all Supply Tenders of over 10 crores each shall be covered through Electronic Reverse Auction. Similarly, all Services and Works above Rs. 50 crores each shall be covered through Electronic Reverse Auction.  This shall cover bulk of Goods Procurements value wise.

Indian Railways procures Goods worth Rs 50,000 crores annually, needed for Production and Maintenance of Rolling Stock and for operation of Passenger and Goods, Services and other safety related works.  In addition, Rs 10,000 crores worth of Track supply materials are procured. Projects and Works over Rs.one lakh crores are taken up for expansion of Railway infrastructure and upgradation.

Electronic Reverse Auction is expected to offer Industry greater ‘Ease of Doing Business’ as it will eliminate human intervention and will provide paperless transactions. Such electronic auction is expected to offer more competitive bids for Railways supply items and for Works.  Even a 10% saving in cost due to improved competition may result in overall annual saving of upto Rs. 10,000 crores for procurements of Goods, Services and Works.

 Reverse Auction software shall be easy to operate by all without charging any fee and with this, decision Making in high value purchase process will become digital and online.  Reverse Auction shall also cover the Government of India policy initiatives taken such as “Make in India Policy”, MSME Policy and will also permit New Vendors with capabilities to develop.
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60% of Total Passenger carrying coaches fitted with Bio-Toilets

Approximately 60% of the total passenger carrying coaches over Indian Railways have been installed with bio-toilets. The earlier plan to fit bio-toilets in the entire fleet of coaches by the year 2021-22 has been advanced to 2019 in the Budget 2017-18.

 A list of some of the trains having coaches equipped with bio-toilets is given below:-

Zonal  Railways



22135/36 Nagpur-Rewa Superfast Express,

22119/20 Mumbai CSTM-Karmali Tejas Express,

12131/32 Dadar-Sai Nagar Shirdi Express.

East Coast

18401/02 Puri-Okha Express,

18496/95 Bhubaneswar-Rameswaram Express,

12898/97 Bhubaneswar-Pondicherry Express.

East Central

55575/76 Darbhanga-Biraul Passenger,

13241/42 Banka-Rajendra Nagar Intercity Express,

12355/56 Rajendra Nagar-Jammu Tawi  Archana Express.


12343/44 Darjeeling Mail,

12377/78 Padatik Express,

12345/46 Saraighat Express.

North Central

22431/32 Allahabad-Udhampur Express,

12417/18 Prayagraj Express,

11107/08 Bundelkhand Express.

North Eastern

15045/46 Gorakhpur-Okha Express,

15119/20 Manduadih-Rameswaram Express,

12595/96 Gorakhpur-Anand Vihar Terminal Hamsafar Express.

Northeast Frontier

15635/36 Okha-Guwahati Express,

15647/48 Lokmanya Tilak (T)-Guwahati Express,

15717/18 Guwahati-Mariani Intercity Express.


14611/12 Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra-Ghazipur City Express,

14609/10 Hemkunt Express ,

12471/72 Swaraj Express.

North Western

22497/98 Shri Ganganagar-Tiruchchirappalli Humsafar Express,

14889/90 Bhagat Ki Kothi-Munabao Thar Express,

14811/12 Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Sikar Express.

Zonal  Railways


South Central

12757/58 Secunderabad-Sirpur Kaghaznagar Express,

17019/20 Hyderabad-Jaipur Express,

12721/22 Hyderabad-Nizamuddin Dakshin Express.

South East Central

18241/42 Durg-Ambikapur Express,

18247/48 Bilaspur-Rewa Express,

58219/20 Bilaspur-Chirmiri Express.

South Eastern

18007/08 Shalimar-Vanjapur Intercity Express,

22877/78 Howrah-Ernakulam Antyodaya Express,

22887/88 Howrah-Yesvantpur Humsafar Express.


12635/36 Chennai Egmore-Madurai Vaigai Express,

12605/06 Chennai Egmore-Karaikudi Pallavan Express,

22661/62 Chennai Egmore-Rameswaram Sethu Express.

South Western

16589/90 Rani Channamma Express,

12627/28 Karnataka Express,

16501/02 Ahmedabad-Yesvantpur Express.

West Central

12121/22 Madhya Pradesh Sampark Kranti Express,

11449/50 Jabalpur-Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra Express,

12193/94 Jabalpur-Yesvantpur Express.


22969/70 Okha-Varanasi Express,

19573/74 Okha-Jaipur Express,

19565/66 Okha-Dehradun Uttaranchal Express.
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